Powered by Bravenet Bravenet Blog

Subscribe to Journal

Friday, August 14th 2009

1:23 PM

Analyzing the Job

by Brice Alvord

Job task analysis is the cornerstone of performance based training. Conducting an effective job analysis requires understanding what information is necessary for the training program, how to best extract that information from the organization, and how to properly analyze the data received, in order to provide the clearest picture of the job under study. The job task analysis should result in the identification of the essential tasks and duties and knowledge, skills and abilities required to perform the job.


The starting point is to obtain or develop an adequate job description.  A job description is a general statement about what a person does on the job and the condition underwhich the job is performed. Using this information, think about the job and create a list of the various tasks that are required to perform the job. Keep in mind the job description describes the job as it actually is, not how you think it should be. Be careful not to inject your ideas about what you think the job should be, into the analysis.


The job description gives you a rough idea of what the job looks like, it is merely a rough sketch of the highlights of the job.  You will have to dig a little deeper to obtain all of the relevant task information.  This is accomplished by the job/task analysis.

Job Structure

 

Job breakdowns consist of the following:

  • Duty
  • Task
  • Steps


Element Name

Definition

Example

Job

The name of the job for which a person was hired. Often given a job title and job description. A job consists of one or more duties.

Gas Station Attendant

Electrician

Package Machine Operator

Accountant

Duty

A broad category of responsibilities within a job. Duties consist of one or more tasks.

Attend the pumps

Change Oil

Wash cars

Clean rest rooms

 

Task

A task is part of a set of actions which accomplish a job. Another way to look at it is; a task is an actual activity performed on the job for which the worker is paid. The tasks are the elements of the job. Tasks form the structure upon which an effective performance based training program is built. The task is composed of the procedure steps required to create an output or product.

Pump gas

Wash windshields

Check oil levels

Process a cash sale

Process a credit sale

Step

An element of a task. Something that moves the task along. Usually listed in sequence.

Remove cap

Select grade

Start pump

Insert nozzle



The Analysis

 

Task analysis is the analysis or a breakdown of exactly how a task is accomplished, such as what sub-tasks are required. This information can then be used for many purposes, such as improving the design of tools or procedures that aid in performing the task. For training design, frequency and consequence of error are two important factors to consider in identifying critical tasks or duties upon which to train.

 

 

 

Analyzing Tasks

 

Task analysis is a systematic breakdown of a task into its elements, specifically including a detailed task description of both manual and mental activities, task and element durations, task frequency, task allocation, task complexity, environmental conditions, necessary clothing and equipment, and any other unique factors involved in or required for one or more humans to perform a given task.

 

Instructional designers perform a task analysis in order to:

  • Determine the instructional goals and objectives;
  • Define and describe in detail the tasks and sub-tasks that the student will perform;
  • Specify the knowledge type (declarative, structural, and procedural knowledge) that characterize a job or task;
  • Select learning outcomes that are appropriate for instructional development;
  • Prioritize and sequence tasks;
  • Determine instructional activities and strategies that foster learning;
  • Select appropriate media and learning environments;
  • Construct performance assessments and evaluation

 

There are different formats to use based on the type of learning outcome. The following are the most prevalent:

  • Procedural Task Analysis (for procedural skills)
  • Hierarchical or Prerequisite Analysis (for intellectual skills)
  • Information processing analysis (for procedural and cognitive tasks)

 

The first step in the task analysis is to list all of the tasks that might be included in the job. You can probably identify most of the tasks by thinking about the job description. You will need to obtain more information than that. You will do this by talking to job incumbents or people who have previously performed the job. You should also observe people performing the job and take notes of what you observe. It is a good idea to video tape the person performing the job.

 

Unlike learning a concept or a principle, procedures are strictly defined so that each step is clear and unambiguous to the learner. Procedures can be simple, whereby the learner follows one set of steps in a sequential fashion. However, procedures can also be complex, with many decision points that the learner must make. Regardless of the complexity of the procedure, a procedural analysis breaks down the mental and/or physical steps that the learner must go through so that the task can be successfully achieved. The steps that make up a task are arranged linearly and sequentially, illustrating where the learner begins and ends. Oftentimes, the steps throughout the task, from start to finish, as well as any decisions that the learner must make are arranged in a flowchart, but they can also be done in an outline form. See examples below.

 

Examples of learning outcomes that are procedural in nature are:

1.      Balancing a checkbook,

2.      Changing a tire,

3.      Formatting a disk,

4.      Bathing a dog

 

 

Tasks that are based on procedures are the easiest for conducting a task analysis. Generally, application of procedures involves these steps:

1.      Determine whether a particular procedure is applicable

2.      Recall the steps of the procedure

3.      Apply the steps in order, with decision steps if required

4.      Confirm that the end result is reasonable.

 

What criteria should I use to evaluate my procedural analysis?

  • Completeness (thoroughness); all steps present; complex procedures broken down
  • All steps stated in performance terms (using verbs)
  • Appropriateness of procedural analysis for representing task
  • Validity & accuracy: how well does analysis correspond to actual task
  • Appropriate use of flowchart or representation used; directional flow obvious and consistent

 




30 user comments.

Posted by super indo kratom:

Hi there! I understand this is sort of off-topic
however I had to ask. Does managing a well-established website
likme yours require a massive amount work? I'm brand new to runnng a blog but I do write in my journal every
day. I'd like to start a blog so I will be able to share my personal experience and feelings online.
Please let me know if you have any kind of suggestions or tips
for brand new aspiring bloggers. Appreciate it!
https://clients1.google.ac/url?q=https://kratomwwwtea.com
super indo kratom
super indo kratom https://clients1.google.bi/url?q=https://bestwwwkratom.com
Sunday, February 28th 2021 @ 5:22 PM

Posted by opms kratom:

There is certainly a gresat deal to find out about this topic.

I like all of the points you've made.
https://kratomwwwtea.com/where-to-buy-kratom.html
opms kratom
opmskratom https://kratomwwwtea.com/where-to-buy-kratom.html
Saturday, February 27th 2021 @ 5:29 PM

Posted by Annmarie:

If some onee desires to be updated with most up-to-date
technologies after that he must be pay a visit
this web ppage and be up to date everyday.


https://clients1.google.gl/url?q=https://bestwwwkratom.com
Annmarie
Meghan https://clients1.google.no/url?q=https://bestwwwkratom.com
Saturday, February 13th 2021 @ 2:37 PM

Posted by Софосбувир и Велпатасвир:

Аптека «будьте здоровы» - это аптека нового поколения,
в алматы, которая соответствует новым
мировым стандартам gpp. Аптека планета здоровья и
красоты - это пространство для тех, что любит исполнять онлайн-покупки с
комфортной суммой и резвой доставкой.
Функция call-back. Для проектирования заявки для вас не
требуется обзванивать
нашу аптеку - довольно забыть ваши
фио и цифры телефонного аппарата.
Интернет аптеки как и онлайн шопы входят в современную бытие все сильней.
Качество наших препаратов многократно проверено не только минздравсоц-развитием россии,
а также нашими клиентами, которые могут вернуться
в нынешнюю аптеку за повторными покупками.

Скорость транспортировки.
Всю технику мы отсылаем впрямую со
складов наших поставщиков, собственно что ручается больше резвую транспортировку и в гармонии
с с этой проблемой больше невысокую
цена без наценки за транспортировку. https://mhp.ooo/ru/catalog/sofosbuvir-and-velpatasvir
Wednesday, January 20th 2021 @ 12:47 AM

Posted by essay writing service reddit:

Yesterday, while I was at work, my sister stole mmy iphone and tested to see if it can survive a 40 foot drop,
just so she can be a youtube sensation. My iPad
is now broken and she has 83 views. I know this is entirely off topic
but I had to share it with someone!
https://clubcustomessay.com
essay writing service reddit
essay writing serviche reddit
https://clubcustomessay.com https://clubcustomessay.com
Saturday, January 2nd 2021 @ 7:49 PM

Posted by english essay writing service:

I was curious if you ever thought of changing the structure of your blog?
Its very wll written; I love what youve got to say. Butt maybe
you could a little more in the way of content so
pople could connect with it better. Youve got an awful lot of tex forr only having 1 or two pictures.
Maygbe you could space it out better?
https://writemycustompaper.com
english essay writing service
english essay writing service
https://writemycustompaper.com https://writemycustompaper.com
Thursday, December 24th 2020 @ 3:17 AM

Posted by academic essay writing service:

Great work! That iss the type of info that
should be shared across the net. Disgrace on Google for no longer
positioning this post upper! Come on over and discuss with my site .
Thank you =)
https://findwritemyessay.com
academic essay writiong service
academic essay writing service
https://findwritemyessay.com https://findwritemyessay.com
Thursday, December 24th 2020 @ 3:06 AM

Posted by write my paper:

certainly like your web-site however you need to check the
spelling onn quite a few of your posts. Several of thjem are
rife with spelling issues and I find it very botherdsome to tell the truth
nevertheless I'll certainly come again again.
https://usaorderessayuk.com
wrie my paper
write my paper
https://usaorderessayuk.com https://usaorderessayuk.com
Thursday, December 24th 2020 @ 2:11 AM

Posted by essay writing service reddit:

If some one needs expert view concerning bloggin and site-building then i
propose him/her to payy a visit this website, Keep up tthe nice work.

https://writeargumentativeessay.com
esaay writing service reddit
essay writing service reddit
https://writeargumentativeessay.com https://writeargumentativeessay.com
Thursday, December 24th 2020 @ 1:44 AM

Posted by buy an essay cheap:

Hey There. I found your blog using msn. This is a really well written article.
I'll be sure to bookmark it and come back to read more of your
useful info. Thanks for the post. I'll definitely comeback.

https://topessaystore.com
buy an essay cheap
buy an essay cheap
https://topessaystore.com https://topessaystore.com
Thursday, December 24th 2020 @ 1:40 AM

Posted by best cheap essay writing service:

My beother suggested I would possibly like this website.
He used to be totally right. This post actuallly made my day.
Yoou can not consider just how a lot time I
had spent for this information! Thank you!
https://webtheessaywriter.com
best cheap essay writing service
best cheap esay writing service
https://webtheessaywriter.com https://webtheessaywriter.com
Thursday, December 24th 2020 @ 1:13 AM

Posted by paper with writing:

I was suggested this website by my cousin. I'm not
sure whether this post is written by him as no one else know such detailed
about my problem. You're wonderful! Thanks!
https://toppaperwritinghelp.com
paper with writing
paper with writing
https://toppaperwritinghelp.com https://toppaperwritinghelp.com
Thursday, December 24th 2020 @ 1:09 AM

Posted by best college essay writing service:

An outstanding share! I've just forwarded this onto a coworker
who had been doing a little homework on this. And he actially
bought me dinner due too the fact that I found it for him...

lol. So allow mme to rewortd this.... Thank YOU ffor the meal!!
But yeah, thanks for spending the time tto discuss this matter here on your web
site.
https://buyessaysearch.com
best college essay writing service
best collee essay writing service
https://buyessaysearch.com https://buyessaysearch.com
Thursday, December 24th 2020 @ 1:05 AM

Posted by essay paper writing service:

Nice post. I was checking continuously this blog and I'm impressed!
Extremely helpful information particularly the last part :) I care for such info a lot.I was looking for this certain information for a very
long time. Thank you and ood luck.
https://buyessayprices.com
essay paper writing service
essay paper writing service
https://buyessayprices.com https://buyessayprices.com
Thursday, December 24th 2020 @ 1:04 AM

Posted by writing and essay:

Appreciate the recommendation. Let me try it out.
https://servicethesis.com
writing and essay
writing annd essay
https://servicethesis.com https://servicethesis.com
Thursday, December 24th 2020 @ 12:46 AM

Posted by help me write:

Greetings from Carolina! I'm bored to tears at work sso
I decided to brkwse your blog on my iphone during lunch break.
I really like the info you present here annd can't wait to take a look when I get
home. I'm surprised at how fast your blog loaded on mmy cell phone ..
I'm not even using WIFI, justt 3G .. Anyhow, awesome site!

https://collegepaperwriting.com
helkp me write
help me write
https://collegepaperwriting.com https://collegepaperwriting.com
Thursday, December 24th 2020 @ 12:05 AM

Posted by writing service:

You explained this wonderfully.
writing service
essay writing service https://searchwritingservicesc.com/
Wednesday, December 23rd 2020 @ 11:24 PM

Posted by cheap essay writing help:

You could certainly see your enthusiasm in the article you write.
The sector hopes for more passionate writers such as you who
are nott afraid to mention how they believe. Always follow your heart.

https://foracademicwriting.com
cheap essay writing help
cheap essay writing help
https://foracademicwriting.com https://foracademicwriting.com
Wednesday, December 23rd 2020 @ 11:12 PM

Posted by custom essay writing service reviews:

obviously like your web site but you need to test thhe spelling
on quite a few of your posts. Several of them are rife with spelling issues and
I in finding it very bothersome to tell the reality nevertheless
I'll definitely come back again.
https://usessaywritingservice.com
custom essay writing service reviews
custom essay writing service reviews
https://usessaywritingservice.com https://usessaywritingservice.com
Wednesday, December 23rd 2020 @ 11:05 PM

Posted by college application essay writing service:

Very rapidly this web site will bee famous amid alll blog
people, due to it's nice content
https://orderessayusukau.com
college application essay writing service
college application essay writing service
https://orderessayusukau.com https://orderessayusukau.com
Wednesday, December 23rd 2020 @ 10:56 PM

Posted by best essay writing service reviews:

Hi there, I check your blogs daily. Your writing style is awesome,
keep it up!
https://writingmypaper.com
best essay writing service reviews
best essay writing service reviews
https://writingmypaper.com https://writingmypaper.com
Wednesday, December 23rd 2020 @ 10:35 PM

Posted by buy essay usa:

It's actually a great and useful piece of information. I am glad that you just shared this helpful info wijth us.
Please stay us up tto date like this. Thanis for sharing.
https://essayglobalservices.com
buyy essay usa
buy essay usa
https://essayglobalservices.com https://essayglobalservices.com
Wednesday, December 23rd 2020 @ 10:32 PM

Posted by research papers:

Hi there very cool website!! Guy .. Excellent .. Wonderful
.. I will bookmark ylur site and take the feeds also?
I'm happy to seek out numerous useful info right
here in the publish, wee want work out extra strategiws on this regard, thanks for sharing.
. . . . .
https://essaywritingtld.com
research papers
research papers
https://essaywritingtld.com https://essaywritingtld.com
Wednesday, December 23rd 2020 @ 9:26 PM

Posted by essay phrases used in writing:

I visited several web pages however the audio quality ffor audio songs present at
this site is actually marvelous.
https://writinessayideas.com
essay phrases used in writing
essay phrases userd iin writing
https://writinessayideas.com https://writinessayideas.com
Wednesday, December 23rd 2020 @ 9:25 PM

Posted by write an essay:

I simply could not leave your site before suggesting that
I really loved the usual info a person prvide in your
guests? Is going to be again continuously in order to
investigate cross-check new posts
https://buyessayscc.com
write an essay
write an essay
https://buyessayscc.com https://buyessayscc.com
Wednesday, December 23rd 2020 @ 9:16 PM

Posted by write my essay:

What's up it's me, I am also visiting this website regularly, this website is really nice and the people are in fact sharing nice thoughts.

https://yescheapessaywriting.com
write my essay
write my essay
https://yescheapessaywriting.com https://yescheapessaywriting.com
Wednesday, December 23rd 2020 @ 9:14 PM

Posted by thesis writing services:

Everyone loves what you guys are up too. This sort of
clever work and reporting! Keepp up the good works
guys I've included you guys to my blogroll.
https://studiowritingservices.com
thesis writing services
thesis writing services
https://studiowritingservices.com https://studiowritingservices.com
Wednesday, December 23rd 2020 @ 8:39 PM

Posted by professional resume writing service:

This post offers clear idea in favor of the new visitors of blogging, that really how to
do blogging and site-building.
https://cheapessaywritingserviceusa.com
professional resume writing service
professional resume writing service
https://cheapessaywritingserviceusa.com https://cheapessaywritingserviceusa.com
Wednesday, December 23rd 2020 @ 8:23 PM

Posted by paper with writing:

Appreciation to my father who stated to me
about this blog, this web sife is actually amazing.

https://bestessaytech.com
paper with writing
paper witgh writing
https://bestessaytech.com https://bestessaytech.com
Wednesday, December 23rd 2020 @ 8:16 PM

Posted by writing an essay:

Hi there! I simply would like to give you a huge
thumbs up for the excellent info you have got right here on this post.
I'll be coming back to your site for more soon.
https://topessaytech.com
writing an essay
writing an essay
https://topessaytech.com https://topessaytech.com
Wednesday, December 23rd 2020 @ 7:45 PM

Post New Comment

No Smilies More Smilies »